Government College University is organised into four faculties - Science and Technology; Arts and Social Sciences; Languages, Islamic and Oriental Learning; and Engineering - within which there are 29 academic departments. There are also four research centres and institutes associated with the university. The university offers degrees at the Bachelor's, Master's, and Doctorate levels in a variety of disciplines. The university currently has more than 7,000 students and over 400 faculty members.
It is ranked at 2nd by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan. Alumni of GCU are called Ravians which is derived from the name of the magazine "Ravi", published by the administration of the college; the magazine name is inspired by the Ravi River.
Government College University campus offers great infrastructure facilities. GC University Lahore Library came into existence in 1872. The Library has continuously been improved not only in the collection of books, but also as an instrument for the assistance of study and research. At present, it has a total numbers of 310717 books including precious personal collections. The library receives 236 national and international journals. University’s Salam Chair in Physics has initiated a number of academic programmes aimed at promoting activity in Physics.
Some of its important achievements include: getting 52 research publications in international journals; producing 30 Ph.D. and 90 M.Phil thesis; setting up Plasma Technology Lab and contracting handsome research grants from various funding agencies and research centre for example the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (Italy), Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL), Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF) and Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR).