Known as the Cultural Capital of Kerala, it is also fast developing as an education hub of Kerala. The city has traditionally been a centre of learning from ancient times. With the decline of Buddhism and Jainism and due to the growing supremacy of Brahminism during the revival of Hinduism, the city became an important centre of Sanskrit learning. Schools in Thrissur city are either run publicly by the Kerala Government or privately, some with financial aid from the government. The medium of education is either English or Malayalam, with the former being the majority. Most schools are affiliated with the Kerala State Education Board or Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) or the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or the Montessori system. There are 93 lower primary schools; 34 upper primary schools; and 78 high schools;and 157 higher secondary schools in the city.
With universities like Kerala Kalamandalam, Kerala Police Academy, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala University of Medical and Allied Sciences and Kerala Institute of Local Administration (KILA), the city would add another feather in its crown by having 'World Class University' and a 'Science City'. With the three medical colleges, Government Medical College, Thrissur, Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences and a medical university Kerala University of Medical and Allied Sciences, the city has become synonymous with medical education in Kerala. Colleges for engineering, law, veterinary, ayurveda, science, arts and commerce degrees are typically affiliated with the University of Calicut like Government Engineering College, Thrissur, Vidya Academy of Science and Technology, IES College of Engineering, St. Mary's College, Thrissur, St. Thomas College, Thrissur, Sree Kerala Varma College, Sri C. Achutha Menon Government College, St. Aloysius College, Thrissur, Kerala Veterinary College, Mannuthy, Vaidyaratnam Ayurveda College, Vimala College, Government Law College, Thrissur, College of Fine Arts, Thrissur and College of Horticulture.